Skip to main content

Kashmir Crown


Geriaterics need to be given tenable cushions and healthcare facilities so that they may not feel let down and despondent at the end of the day

Geriatric depression is a term used to define mental & emotional disorder affecting older adults.Feeling of sadness and occasional ‘’Blue”moods are normal.We all feel sad &disappointed but a perpetual depression is not considered a part of normal ageing process.It may be a sign of a mental disorder that effects us during old-age and may remain undiagnosed as the family members consider this as a behavioural symptom of getting old. However this must not be neglected as the symptoms may deteriorate rapidly and may cause severe depression and anxiety.This condition may lead to death _ anxiety.Ouer body,including  brain, the master organ , degenerates as we grow old.According to medical research , ageing occurs due to the oxidative damage to the mitochondria, cell-death, u-v radiation, pollution etc.Ageing is among the greatest known riskfactors for most human diseases; of the roughly 1500000people who dieeach day across the globe,about two thirds die from age –related causes.The thought of death sometimes is very intimidating , especially post retirement ,when a person feels isolated after death of spouse or close friends of the same age group.The fear of death aggravates the death – anxiety.The bodily process like respiration , digestion,circulation etc grow weak as we age and even minor ailment like fever may trigger a fearof death.As per the medical research,the decline of neurotransmitters-Dopamine,serotonin and norepinephrine cause depression in old-age.The genetics,socio-economic conditions , family environment and history of substance abuse play a significant role in the causation of depression in the elderly.
High Blood Pressure
Diet low in salt
Decrease fat intake
Exercise as recommended by physician.

Persistent feeling of sadness,hopelessness,inappropriate guilt and /or feeling of worthlessness.Neglecting self-care , hygiene and clothing.Feeling of anxiety.Loss  of interest in life.Loss of interest in enjoyable activities.Loss of confidence & motivation .vague complaints of pain or malaise.Loss in recent memory-forgetfulness,misplacing objects or items.Apathy-Loss of emotional expressiveness.Excessive Lethargy-sleeping in the day.Increased usage of alcohol,tobacco or prescription drugs.Problem falling asleep – Insomnia .Restlessness.Perpetual sadness-Change in appetite-Less or even more than usual diet.Loss of interest in socializing or hobbies.Social.Fixation on death –suicidal thoughts of suicide.Slowed movement or speech.
Some illnesses cause changes in the brain and may have a direct role in causing depression: Stroke ,Parkinson`s , Dementia , Infections,Malignancies,Endocrine dysregulation.

Older Adults with depression have increased incidence of : Cardiovascular disease,Diabetes,Stroke,Dementia,Osteoporosis.

Elderly people are incompetent and incapable of making decisions or handling their own affairs.
All elderly people live in poverty.
Changes may cause the elderly to experience

Breathing increases in rate.
Difficulty coughing up secretions.
Increase susceptibility to infections such as : cold or pneumonia.
Bronchioles lose elasticity.
Senses of taste , smell,vision &hearing are diminished

It is very important to identify the early warning signs of depression and death anxiety in the elderly at the community level.Our social system is such that post-retirement most of the people suffer from a feeling of worthlessness.Depressionand inability to cope up with stress happens to be the chief cause of suicides in india.Elders sometimes take multiple medications and this puts them at a high risk.Side-effects of certain medications may cause depression in the elderly and the same should be reported to the physician so that the same can be addressesd at an early stage.Secondly ,tobacco consumption along with alcohol and substance abuse (ganga,bhang,opium etc)is significantly high in rural india.Old –age is marked by mild cognitive decline which gets aggravated due to the substance abuse.We must lead an active healthy life and exercise moderately to keep fit in old age.If we pursue a new hobby then it relieves the stressas well as newcells in the brain get generated.Diet,proper nutrition,proper sleep wake cycle along with exercise are a must for having good physical and mental health.People living on the hills and cold area often suffer from mood disorders like seasonal Affective Disorder ( S.A.D.). Spending time in the sunlight boosts serotonin  levels which improves our mood and increases our resilience to fight with depression which is caused by seasonal affective disorder ( SAD).
Care management is evolving and every organization is different.
Ask your potential provider about the range of their services.
Think about what would make a difference in your life and see if the provider can support that.


The Kashmir Walla

Popular posts from this blog

Pulwama IED backlash: Residents allegedly beaten by army, four hospitalised

Srinagar: Several locals including women were allegedly beaten by government forces soon after vehicle of 55 Rashtriya rifles was targeted on Watchi Darbagh road on Friday.
Talking to media, locals alleged that an hour after blast took place in the area, forces barged into many residential houses and beat up family members and ransacked other property as well.
“They even didn’t spare women and thrashed several men from nearby area of the blast site,” the locals told.  “Four among us were beaten severely that they have been hospitalized,” the locals alleged.
“Our fault was just that we reside near the site where the incident happened,” the locals told.
Pertinently an army vehicle of 55 RR got damaged after if was targeted with an Improvised Explosive Device near Al-Saba school Watchi on Watchi – Darbagh (Shopian) road near ZahidBagh (Pulwama) on Friday at around 3 am.
No injury or casualty was reported however vehicle suffered minor damage. An official told that they have not received …